Is your baby 5 or 6 years old? This means that very soon he will go to school, and if you have not dealt with the issue of preparing him for school and comma before so before, now is the time to start. It is up to you to choose whether to enroll your child in special courses or to study with him on your own. Although, you can combine both of these options.
Recommendations for parents:
1. Classes should be conducted in a good mood.
2. Their duration should depend on the age of the baby, for example, five-year-olds are only able to work for 20 minutes, while six-year-olds are ready to study for 30 minutes.
3. Introducing the child to learning sight words for kindergarten, see how he reacts to a new type of activity for him. Depending on his attitude, you can shorten or increase the duration of the classes.
4. Don’t be too zealous. Take breaks if a lot of time has passed, even though the child is interested.
5. He will be distracted, start a conversation on other topics, calmly react to this. Talk a little on an extraneous topic, and then return to the exercise you started. This will allow him a little respite and it will be easier for him to assimilate the material.
6. Is your baby making progress? Praise him for that. This creates a positive attitude towards learning and increases self-confidence. Words of approval spoken in front of other people only reinforce his sense of his own worth. This fuels the desire to once again get a positive assessment of their abilities.
7. Do not forget to take short breaks after 10 minutes. During this time, it is helpful to do simple physical exercises, such as extending and flexing the hands.
8. Always end the exercise components of reading on some pleasant, positive aspect.
9. Do not force the child to study. Otherwise, it will discourage him from learning and comprehending new things at an early stage. Try to present the exercises in a playful way, somehow motivate him. If it still doesn’t work out, enroll him in courses. In a team, children often begin to do things that they did not want to do alone.
10. During the day, it is useful to remember the material studied the day before, so that it is more firmly entrenched in children’s memory.
11. To simplify adaptation to school will help the game “school”. It should adhere to all generally accepted rules of conduct in this educational institution. Let him become familiar with the model of interaction between adults and children, established within the school walls.
12. Teach your child to follow a certain routine of activities, sleep, food intake, and so on.
We develop handles.
It will be easier for the kid to perform small, precise manipulations with objects if you take care of the development of fine motor skills of the pens in advance. It is useful to do modeling, drawing, creating all kinds of applications, tying laces and knots, buttoning up buttons, and so on.
Learning to read.
Separate the concepts of “sound” and “letter”. For example, we pronounce the letter “m” differently from the way it sounds in the alphabet (“e” and “m”). We speak abruptly “m”.
Offer him to read not by letter, but immediately by syllables. While it will be given to him with difficulty. However, you can drag the first letter until it becomes clear which letter is next.
Play words with your baby. Let him name objects or phenomena in a certain letter, or list those in which there is a given letter.
Learning to write.
The child may be confused when writing letters. It can be difficult for him to figure out how they should be located on the sheet. In this case, perhaps the catch is that he confuses “right” and “left”? This means that he needs to enter a stable landmark, for example, a door can be located to the right of his table. He, having looked, once again at the door will immediately orientate.
The portrayal of the letters themselves can also be difficult for him. This means that he needs to get to know them more thoroughly. Let him draw them, paint them, cut them out, try to make a whole word out of them. Gradually, their designation will be firmly fixed in his memory.
Learning to count.
Teach him to count to twenty, to count in reverse order, to understand which number is greater than the other. Let him compare them. Give him simple puzzles based on the events of the surrounding reality. Let’s say you got out for a walk, let him count how many people are in line for bread, how many kids are frolicking in the sandbox, and so on.
The child should be able to express his thoughts, to put them into words. He has to interact with more people than he is used to. He will have to stay with them for a long time, study together, play and relax together. Therefore, he will have to build relationships with them. His family understands him perfectly, but here everything is different.
He needs to be able to correctly, clearly state his idea of certain situations. He must be able to describe the events that happened to him, to bring the thoughts started to the end.
This is where picture-based storytelling or association games can be helpful.
The idea of the world around.
He must have a developed general outlook. The child needs to know his city and country. Be able to indicate your address and name close relatives, remember where and by whom they work.
Children of this age are generally aware of the peculiarities of the phenomena and events taking place in the world. They know the main species of flora and fauna.
We are ready to build simple logical chains. They understand the regularities established in the world, for example, dad goes to work to get money, because what you need can only be purchased for money.
Ready for school.
So, very soon your baby will become a first grader. By this time, she should have developed a readiness for school, which consists of such components as: psychological, physical, social, personal and motivational readiness. Assessment of the degree of formation of these indicators is the task of school psychologists. Each component implies a specific content. By the degree of a child’s readiness for school, one can judge what will be his education at school.
It is important for parents to create in their child a real, true idea of the school. He should not hope that she will give him only the attributes of a certain adult life and a friendly environment for endless and carefree communication with peers. He must accept the fact that school involves hard work and overcoming difficulties. In this case, he will not be disappointed with reality.